Treaty of Peace and
Friendship Between the Government of India and the Government
31 July 1950
The Government of India and
the Government of Nepal, recognising the ancient ties which
have happily existed between the two countries; Desiring
still further to strengthen and develop these ties and to
perpetuate peace between the two countries; Have resolved
therefore to enter into a Treaty of Peace and Friendship
with each other, and have, for this purpose, appointed as
their plenipotentiaries the following persons, namely,
THE GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
His EXCELLENCY SHRI CHANDRESHWAR PRASAD NARAIN SINGH,
Ambassador of India in Nepal.
THE GOVERNMENT OF NEPAL
MOHUN SHAMSHER JANG BAHADUR RANA,
Maharaja, Prime Minister and Supreme Commander-in-Chief
who having examined each other's credentials and found them
good and in due form have agreed as follows:
There shall be everlasting
peace and friendship between the Government of India and
the Government of Nepal. The two Governments agree mutually
to acknowledge and respect the complete sovereignty, territorial
integrity and independence of each other.
The two Governments hereby
undertake to inform each other of any serious friction or
misunderstanding with any neighbouring State likely to cause
any breach in the friendly relations subsisting between
the two Governments.
In order to establish and
maintain the relations referred to in Artiele 1 the two
Governments agree to continue diplomatic relations with
each other by means of representatives with such staff as
is necessary for the due performance of their functions.
The representatives and such of their s'taff as may be agreed
upon shall enjoy such diplomatic privileges and immunities
as are customarily granted by international law on a reciprocal
basis: Provided that in no case shall these be less than
those granted to persons of a similar status of any other
State having diplomatic relations with either Government.
The two Governments agree
to appoint Consuls-General, Consuls, Vice-Consuls and other
consular agents, who shall reside in towns, ports and other
places in each other's territory as may be agreed to. Consuls-General,
Consuls, Vice-Consuls and consular agents shall be provided
with exequaturs or other valid authorization of their appointment.
Such exequatur or authorization is liable to be withdrawn
by the country which issued it, if considered necessary.
The reasons for the withdrawal shall be indicated wherever
possible. The persons mentioned above shall enjoy on a reciprocal
basis all the rights, privileges, exemptions and immunities
that are accorded to persons of corresponding status of
any other State.
The Government of Nepal shall
be free to import, from or through the territory of India,
arms, ammunition or warlike material and equipment necessary
for the security of Nepal. The procedure for giving effect
to this arrangement shall be worked out by the two Governments
acting in consultation.
Each Government undertakes,
in token of the neighbourly friendship between India and
Nepal, to give to the nationals of the other, in its territory,
national treatment with regard to participation in industrial
and economic development of such territory and to the grant
of concessions and contracts relating to such development.
The Governments of India
and Nepal agree to grant, on reciprocal basis, to the nationals
of one country in the territories o the other the same privileges
in the matter of residence, ownership of property, participation
in trade and commerce, movement and other privileges of
a similar nature.
So far as matters dealt with
herein are concerned, this Treat: cancels all previous Treaties,
agreements, and engagements entered into on behalf of India
between the British Government and the Government of Nepal.
This Treaty shall come into
force from the date of signature by both Governments.
This Treaty shall remain
in force until it is terminated by either party by giving
one year's notice.
DONE in duplicate at Kathmandu
this 31st day of July 1950.
CHANDRESHWAR PRASAD NARAIN SINGH
For the Government of India.
MOHUN SHAMSHER JANG BAHADUR RAN,
For the Government of Nepal
Bilateral Treaties & Agreements (Volume 1)