Menifestoes of Political Parties [General
Nepali Congress Manifesto: Highlights
Nepali Congress Party is the representative
party of Nepalese people who believe in the cause of nationalism,
democracy and socialism. Since its genesis in 1947, the
party has fought many a battles against the hereditary Rana
Regime and autocratic Panchayat System, and remained in
the forefront for the establishment of multiparty parliamentary
democracy and for safeguarding human rights, freedom, equality
and justice to the Nepalese people. The Party has made many
sacrifices in fulfilling historical responsibility to establish
and consolidate democracy by leading the 1950 (2007B.S.)
and 1990 (2046B.S.) revolutions successfully.
Having been throough five decades' of
democratic movement, the Party, as guided by its leaders,
the late Bisheswor Prasad Koirala, Subarna Shumsher and
Ganesh Man Singh, avows to uphold its deep commitment to
protect and promote the parliamentary multiparty democracy,
good governance and Constitutional Monarchy and basic rights
of the people by strengthening freedom and championing the
cause of national unity and dignity.
The party holds the conviction that multi-party
democracy must be pivotal to the political freedom, decentralized
system of governance, elimination of discrimination and
prejudice between men and women, haves and haves-nots, the
powerful and the helpless and upper and lower castes. It
believe also in the balanced development of different languages,
cultures and traditions, high respect for the individual
dignity and peace and fearless society, economic prosperity
and social justice.
At a time when the world is about to enter
the 21st century, the Nepali Congress believes that the
nation must accept the challenges to be confronted in future.
For this, the party will concentrate all its attention towards
the swift transformation of socially and economically backward
Nepal into a prosperous and developed nation by eradicating
illiteracy, poverty, unemployment, corruption and ever--growing
Democratic Socialism: Ways to Economic
prosperity and social justice:
In its search for a society based on equality
and justice, the Nepali Congress adopted the principles
of the democratic socialism and decentralization in 1957.
The Party firmly believes that with the implementation of
the balanced democratic socialistic programs, the society
can achieve the economic prosperity through the fair distributions
on the basis of equality and social justice. The party will
remain alert to take the fruits of prosperity to every layers
and households of the Nepalese society.
Economic Freedom and Role of Private Sectors:
The Nepali Congress is convinced that
in accordance with the rule of the country, the private
sectors should also benefit from the opportunity of economic
freedom without any hitches. The private sectors should
be promoted to play a vital role in the growth of national
economy and in creating new employment opportunities. The
government in this regard will provide opportunities to
private sectors in the economic activities for the development
of socio-economic infrastructures to guarantee the social
justice and security to the hapless and deprived masses.
Since the first and ultimate goal of the
development is the upliftment of the people, the Nepali
congress assumes that the target of our development should
be people oriented. To do so, the party gives emphasis on
the opportunities for education, skill development, training
and rights to information, extension of health services,
a strong national campaign against eradication of poverty,
ways to increase the employment and income generation to
the Nepalese people. The party also emphasizes respect for
the individual freedom, dignity and opportunity for works
based on their skill and capacity, decentralized administration
and development of local leadership, uncorrupt administration.
The party also gives importance for instilling self-confidence
and social services in every Nepali citizen.
Background of the Upcoming General Election:
Instability wreaked havoc on the national
politics over the past four and half year. Political parties
indulged in the unhealthy and non-political practices to
gain power. Governments collapsed because of the parliamentarians'
unethical ways to ride the power ladder which tarnished
their own images.
The Governments remained shaky due to
the nature of hung parliament where no parties could enjoy
a majority. The development works and free and impartial
administration in the country were disturbed. Polarization
and groupism among and within the political parties raised
its ugly head in the national political scene. The CPN-UML
disintegrated into two parties and the Rastriya Prajatantra
Party and Nepal Sadbhavana Party also followed the suit.
The leaders of these breakaway parties cried for the head
of their erstwhile party colleagues.
At this backdrop of national politics,
corruption, poverty and unemployment reigned supreme in
the width and breadth of the country. Terrorism and violence
in the name of Maoism, centered against the Nepali Congress,
aims at overthrowing the constitutional parliamentary democracy
in the country. The Nepali Congress thus decided to call
for a fresh mandate believing that the people's mandate
is the only way out to relieve the country from these anomalies,
perversion and chaos.
Main Agenda for the Forthcoming Election:
The coming general election is a process
to do away with the irregularities and anomalies like horse-trading,
corrupt, irrational and aggressive attitudes among the politicians
that surfaced on the national political scene. The people,
being disgusted with all these political perversions, are
opting for a strong and vibrant parliament with a strong
government to stop the vagaries of a coalition government.
The Nepali Congress wishes to fulfill the Nepalese people's
aspiration for a majority government and brings the major
agenda for the coming general elections that are as follows:
The Nepali Congress wants to put an end
to the political instability in the country that ensued
after the formation of the hung parliament. The most important
agenda for the coming general election is the formation
of a Nepali Congress's majority government.
Politics based on norms and values to curb undemocratic
and unparliamentary behavior among the politicians.
Continuation of the economic policy and programs initiated
by the Nepali Congress government formed after the 1991
general election. Even the international community has supported
these programs meant to uplift the condition of rural masses
and eradication of poverty.
Freedom from corruption and Mafia rule to end the economic
leakages, smuggling, black-marketing and corruption from
the every layer of the Nepalese society.
Initiation of a free, impartial and efficient administration
by putting an end to the political interference on the day
to day administration, judiciary, police, public and education
Guarantee for the peace and security for a fearless society
by ensuring an end to the politics of murder and terrorism
in the country in the name Maoist movement. We are convinced,
at this juncture, the Nepalese people will reject the politics
of murder and terrorism and cast their votes in Nepali Congress's
Clean and Efficient Parliament:
It has become a need of the present time
for any government to translate the people's aspiration
for a clean and efficient parliament into reality. It may
be recalled that after the second general election, the
minority CPN-UML government formed with the support from
Nepali Congress grew more and more despotic. The issues
of national interest were undermined, and due to the nature
of hung parliament, parliamentarians spent much of their
time in unparliamentary practices leading to the loss of
faith of international community in Nepalese polity. However,
the Nepali Congress, in recent past, developed a mutual
understanding and an atmosphere for cordial relation with
other political parties. This sense of cordiality and mutuality
allowed the party to call for the fresh general election
to restore the Nepalese people's and international community's
faith in our Parliament. The Nepali Congress will continue
its endeavor to make the Parliament cleaner and more efficient
in the days to come.
Nepali Congress's Achievements:
The government formed after the 1991 elections
and other Nepali Congress led governments formed after 1994
has secured milestones in achieving economic prosperity
thereby transforming the socio- economic conditions of the
economically and socially backward Nepalese people. Regarding
the implementation of social security and cultural uplift
programs for the Nepalese, The Nepali Congress Governments
so far have:
Allocated funds amounting to 400 million
rupees for elderly, widows and handicapped citizens.
Launched the programs to uplift the conditions of the downtrodden
and under-privileged sections of the society.
Chalked out programs for indigenous people for their all-round
Charted out the programs to encourage women to bring them
into the mainstream of development guaranteeing that all
primary schools employ a lady teacher and provide Rs. 25
monthly to girl students in 15 districts where women literacy
is very low.
Exempted half land revenues to the farmers who paid their
half land taxes to the local VDCs to be used as per the
VDCs discretion in their development works. The party will
now provide full exemption of land revenues for farmers.
Launched programs to establish rural banks in the five development
regions. The banks provide loans at concessional rates to
the hapless and deprived classes.
Provided soft loans upto 10,000 rupees to earthquake and
natural calamity victims.
Reduced the prices of salt by half for the remote areas,
provided grants for biogas, solar energy and small hydropower
Given priority to the encouragement of regional languages.
Brought legislation to end the dual ownership on land and
to transform many Guthi into Raikar lands.
Fixed the problems of bond-laborers and landless people.
Provided support and assistance to the families of martyrs
and political sufferers.
Rural Self-dependence Scheme:
Regarding the self- dependence scheme
of rural areas, The Nepali Congress has begun tasks to lay
the foundations of self-sufficiency by providing basic facilities
of education, health, irrigation drinking water, motorable
roads, telephones and electricity to the rural areas. The
other tasks done in this regard to achieve the rural self-dependence
forwarding of Rs. 50,000 to each village each year.
Establishing of health posts with medical doctors in 120
electoral constituencies and opening up of post offices
in every village.
Building of schools in villages and launching of free education
program upto secondary levels.
Supplying drinking water to additional four million people.
Increment in the loans to the farmers and formulation of
programs to allocate 2.5 billion rupees as loans to formers
within six years as the poverty alleviation programs.
Equipping all V